How to Reduce Waste to Landfill

Be a GREAT sort! Landfill is the last resort

The red-lidded general waste bin is the last place waste should go. We can all reduce the waste we send to landfill by learning how to “Be a GREAT sort”, that is, being someone who gifts items, recycles correctly, earth-cycles organics, avoids waste and takes items to drop off points. Learn how below.

Gift Items to Charity, Swap or Sell

Gifting items you no longer want to friends or family members, donating to charity shops or utilising sell and swap platforms keeps perfectly useable things out of landfill.

You can utilise any of the following platforms for selling or swapping items:

Donate Good Quality Items to Charity

Charities can’t fix things or wash clothes, so ensure items are clean and not broken or stained. If you wouldn’t give it to a friend, please don’t give it to charity. Use Recycle Right’s ‘Find My Nearest’ tool to find the charity shop nearest you by selecting ‘charities’ from the drop down menu.

Find your nearest charity shop

Street Libraries

Invite neighbours to share the joys of reading and create lasting connections in your community. People can simply reach in and take what interests them. When they are done, they can return books to the Street Library or pass them on to friends. If anyone has books they think others would enjoy, they can just pop it into any Street Library they happen to be walking past.

Find a Street Library near you


Recycling gives new life to used materials, but it’s really important that we get it right. Putting the wrong items in the yellow-lidded recycling bin causes contamination, reducing the quality and amount recovered which can result in items going to landfill. The recycle bin should only contain these 5 items: 

  • Glass jars and bottles (including broken glass)
  • Steel and aluminium cans, lids and alfoil (scrunched into the size of a tennis ball)
  • Cardboard (clean and flattened)
  • Paper (clean, not shredded paper)
  • Hard rigid plastic bottles and containers such as milk bottles, soft drink bottles, shampoo bottles, laundry detergent bottles, plastic food jars, plastic takeaway containers and punnets (no soft scrunchable plastics or meat packaging)

For a comprehensive A-Z guide, visit Recycle Right.


Earth-cycling is all about putting organic materials back into the soil.

Our FOGO (Food Organics, Garden Organics) bin allows organic materials from households to be turned into a high quality compost product.

You can practice earth-cycling in your own backyard by composting, mulching or worm farming. We offer a Compost Bin Rebate and Worm Café Subsidy to residents.

Avoid Waste

Avoiding waste is the first and most important step we can all take to reduce our impact on the environment. This starts with exploring our shopping habits and changing our behaviour to make better choices.


Australians throw out four million tonnes of food every year, as well as the water, fertiliser, fuel and energy that were used to get that food onto your plate. You can save food and money by making a few simple switches. See tips for avoiding food waste.


It’s estimated that eight million tonnes of plastic enters the ocean globally each year. Plastic breaks up into smaller and smaller pieces, but never fully breaks down, posing a major threat to biodiversity and damaging our beautiful coastlines. You can reduce your plastic waste by:

  • Using reusable shopping bags, keep cups, water bottles and straws to avoid single use plastics
  • Shopping at bulk food stores and bringing your own refillable and reusable container
  • Become a 'green cleaner' and make your own environmentally-friendly household cleaning products in reusable bottles. Learn more about green cleaning.

See more tips on avoiding plastic waste


According to Planet Ark, the fashion industry produces approximately 100 billion new items of clothing every year, with three out of five items ending up in landfill 12 months after being purchased. Avoid wasting fashion by:

  • Buying good quality timeless pieces in your size and style
  • Shopping at op shops and second hand stores
  • Borrowing or swapping clothes with friends and family

Personal Items

Disposable items such as nappies, continence products and menstrual products fill up general waste bins and contribute to landfill. We offer modern cloth nappy workshops and a rebate on modern cloth nappies to help you reduce your waste.

Take Items to Drop Off Points

Not all items are accepted in your kerbside bins or verge collection, as they are harmful to people and the environment. These items need to be taken to a drop off point where the materials can be recovered and disposed of carefully and responsibly.

For more information on where you can drop off items not accepted in kerbside bins or verge collections check our items for drop off.

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